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06/28/2010 06:11 PDT

Cloud Server Benchmarking Part 5: Encoding & Encryption

This is the fifth post in our series on cloud server performance benchmarking. In this post, we'll look at encoding and encryption performance using a compilation of 7 different benchmarks.

Benchmark Setup
All benchmarked cloud servers were configured almost identically using CentOS 64-bit (or 32-bit in the case of EC2 m1.small, c1.medium, Gandi, and IBM cloud servers).

Benchmark Methodology
Individual benchmark scores are calculated using the Phoronix Test Suite. Phoronix runs each test 3 times or until the standard deviation between each execution is less than 3.5% to improve statistical accuracy.

We chose to use a dedicated, bare-metal cloud server as the performance baseline for this post. This will provide a more readily comparable reference to non-cloud configurations. The server we chose as the baseline is the NewServers Jumbo server configured with dual Intel E5504 quad core 2.00 GHz processors and 48GB DDR3 ECC ram. We chose NewServers because they are the only IaaS cloud that does not utilize a virtualization layer that could adversely affect the benchmark results. All NewServers servers run on top of physical hardware. We assigned the baseline server a score of 100. All other servers were assigned a score proportional to the performance of that server, where greater than 100 represents better results and less than 100 represents poorer results. For example, a server with a score of 50 scored 50% lower than the baseline server overall, while a server with a score of 125, scored 25% higher.

To compute the score, the results from each of the 7 benchmarks on the baseline server are compared to the same benchmark results for a cloud server. The baseline server benchmark score represents 100% for each benchmark. If a cloud server scores higher than the baseline it receives a score higher than 100% (based on how much higher the score is) and vise-versa for a lower score.

Benchmarks
The following benchmarks were used to calculate the aggregate encoding performance (Encode) score displayed in the results tables below.
  • Monkey Audio Encoding [weight=100]: This test times how long it takes to encode a sample WAV file to APE format.
  • WAV To FLAC [weight=100]: This test times how long it takes to encode a sample WAV file to FLAC format.
  • WAV To MP3 [weight=100]: LAME is an MP3 encoder licensed under the LGPL. This test measures the time required to encode a WAV file to MP3 format.
  • WAV To Ogg [weight=100]: This test times how long it takes to encode a sample WAV file to Ogg format.
  • WAV To WavPack [weight=100]: This test times how long it takes to encode a sample WAV file to WavPack format.
  • FFmpeg AVI to NTSC VCD [weight=100]: This test uses FFmpeg for testing the systems audio/video encoding performance.
  • GnuPG [weight=100]: This test times how long it takes to encrypt a 2GB file using GnuPG of a file.
Results
The results are divided into tables separated by provider. If the provider has more than one data center location, multiple tables are included for each location. Each table shows the server identifier, CPU architecture, memory (GB), and the aggregate baseline relative score (as described above) linked to the complete Phoronix results. On the high end, there wasn't as much performance variation between providers in this post when compared to the previous 4 performance posts. Additionally, the results show that these benchmarks appear to be most influenced by CPU model and clock speed versus number of CPUs/cores. The top performers in this post are NewServers, GoGrid and Bluelock.


Amazon Web Services (AWS) [US East]
ID CPU Memory Encode
us-east.m2.2xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 34.2 136.32
us-east.m2.4xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [8 processors, 8 cores] 68.4 136.12
us-east.m2.xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 17.1 135.81
us-east.c1.xlarge Xeon E5410 2.33 [8 processors, 8 cores] 7 119.77
us-east.m1.xlarge Xeon E5430 2.66 [4 processors, 4 cores] 15 103.33
us-east.m1.large Xeon E5430 2.66 [2 processors, 2 cores] 7.5 103.06
us-east.c1.medium Xeon E5410 2.33 [1 processor, 2 cores] 1.7 101.56
us-east.m1.small Opteron 2218 HE 2.60 [1 processor, 1 core] 1.7 43.25





Amazon Web Services (AWS) [US West]
ID CPU Memory Encode
us-west.m2.2xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 34.2 136.29
us-west.m2.4xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [8 processors, 8 cores] 68.4 136.27
us-west.m2.xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 17.1 135.86
us-west.c1.xlarge Xeon E5410 2.33 [8 processors, 8 cores] 7 119.77
us-west.m1.xlarge Xeon E5430 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 15 103.9
us-west.m1.large Xeon E5430 2.66 [2 processors, 2 cores] 7.5 103.28
us-west.c1.medium Xeon E5410 2.33 [1 processor, 2 cores] 1.7 100.89
us-west.m1.small Xeon E5430 2.66 [1 processor, 1 core] 1.7 45.2





Amazon Web Services (AWS) [EU West]
ID CPU Memory Encode
eu-west.m2.4xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [8 processors, 8 cores] 68.4 136.4
eu-west.m2.2xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 34.2 136.21
eu-west.m2.xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 17.1 136.12
eu-west.c1.xlarge Xeon E5410 2.33 [8 processors, 8 cores] 7 119.69
eu-west.m1.xlarge Xeon E5430 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 15 103.83
eu-west.m1.large Xeon E5430 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 7.5 103.79
eu-west.c1.medium Xeon E5410 2.33 [1 processor, 2 cores] 1.7 101.28
eu-west.m1.small Xeon E5430 2.66 [1 processor, 1 core] 1.7 44.92





Amazon Web Services (AWS) [APAC]
ID CPU Memory Encode
apac.m2.2xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 34.2 136.12
apac.m2.4xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [8 processors, 8 cores] 68.4 135.83
apac.m2.xlarge Xeon X5550 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 17.1 135.49
apac.c1.xlarge Xeon E5410 2.33 [8 processors, 8 cores] 7 119.54
apac.m1.large Xeon E5430 2.67 [2 processors, 2 cores] 7.5 103.8
apac.m1.xlarge Xeon E5430 2.67 [4 processors, 4 cores] 15 103.68
apac.c1.medium Xeon E5410 2.33 [1 processor, 2 cores] 1.7 101.32
apac.m1.small Xeon E5430 2.67 [1 processor, 1 core] 1.7 45.45





Rackspace Cloud [Dallas]
ID CPU Memory Encode
16gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 16 111.2
2gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 2 108.98
1gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 1 108.25
4gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 106.02





Rackspace Cloud [Chicago]
ID CPU Memory Encode
16gb-il Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 16 112.44
8gb-il Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 112.44
4gb-il Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 111.58
1gb-il Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 1 108.5
2gb-il Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 2 107.61





Storm on Demand [MI, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
48gb Xeon X5650 2.67 [1 processor, 12 cores] 45.9 135.59
i5-750-4gb Core i5 750 2.67 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 130.83
4gb Core i5 750 2.67 [1 processor, 2 cores] 3.5 130
i5-750-2gb Core i5 750 2.67 [1 processor, 4 cores] 2 128.51
2gb Core 2 Quad Q9400 2.66 [1 processor, 1 core] 1.7 124.27
8gb Xeon X3440 2.53 [1 processor, 4 cores] 7 123.64
x3440-8gb Xeon X3440 2.53 [1 processor, 8 cores] 8 123.4
16gb Opteron 2378 2.40 [2 processors, 4 cores] 15.2 121.05
32gb Opteron 2378 2.40 [4 processors, 8 cores] 30.4 120.76
e5506x2-4gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 8 cores] 8 108.32
e5506x2-4gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 8 cores] 8 108.31
e5506x2-8gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 8 cores] 8 108.1
e5506x2-8gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 8 cores] 8 107.75
amd2350x2-32gb Opteron 2350 2.00 [4 processors, 8 cores] 32 95.23





GoGrid [US West]
ID CPU Memory Encode
8gb Xeon E5450 2.99 [1 processor, 6 cores] 8 146.51
4gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 108.36
1gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 104.3
2gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 103.78





Voxel [New York]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb-ny Xeon L5520 2.26 [2 processors, 2 cores] 4 119.95
8gb-ny Xeon L5520 2.26 [4 processors, 4 cores] 8 118.91
14gb-ny Xeon L5520 2.26 [7 processors, 7 cores] 14 118.79
2gb-ny Xeon L5520 2.26 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 106.67





Voxel [Amsterdam]
ID CPU Memory Encode
8gb-nl Xeon L5520 2.26 [4 processors, 4 cores] 8 122.62
14gb-nl Xeon L5520 2.26 [7 processors, 7 cores] 14 122.6
4gb-nl Xeon L5520 2.26 [2 processors, 2 cores] 4 122.58
2gb-nl Xeon L5520 2.26 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 114.22





Voxel [Singapore]
ID CPU Memory Encode
14gb-sg Xeon L5520 2.26 [7 processors, 7 cores] 14 115.9
8gb-sg Xeon L5520 2.26 [4 processors, 4 cores] 8 115.83
4gb-sg Xeon L5520 2.26 [2 processors, 2 cores] 4 115.8
2gb-sg Xeon L5520 2.26 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 112.29





NewServers [Miami]
ID CPU Memory Encode
fast Xeon E5450 2.99 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 152.43
large Xeon E5405 2.00 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 101.06
jumbo Xeon E5504 2.00 [2 processors, 8 cores] 48 100
med Xeon 3.20 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 94.28
small Xeon 2.80 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 81.55





Linode VPS Hosting [Atlanta]
ID CPU Memory Encode
5760-atlanta Xeon L5520 2.27 [2 processors, 4 cores] 5.54 115.71
14400-atlanta Xeon L5520 2.27 [2 processors, 4 cores] 14.06 115.66
8640-atlanta Xeon L5520 2.27 [2 processors, 4 cores] 8.45 108.25
1080-atlanta Xeon L5520 2.27 [2 processors, 4 cores] 1.05 108.05
2880-atlanta Xeon L5520 2.27 [2 processors, 4 cores] 2.81 106.65





SoftLayer [Dallas]
ID CPU Memory Encode
1gb-dallas Xeon X3460 2.80 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 126.76
4gb-dallas Xeon E5520 2.27 [4 processors, 4 cores] 4 111.51
8gb-dallas Xeon E5520 2.27 [8 processors, 8 cores] 8 111.28
2gb-dallas Xeon X3460 2.80 [2 processors, 2 cores] 2 96.74





SoftLayer [WDC]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb-wdc Xeon X3460 2.80 [4 processors, 4 cores] 4 137.71
1gb-wdc Xeon X3460 2.80 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 131.49
2gb-wdc Xeon X3460 2.80 [2 processors, 2 cores] 2 129.06
8gb-wdc Xeon E5520 2.27 [8 processors, 8 cores] 8 116.04





SoftLayer [Seattle]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb-seattle Xeon X3460 2.80 [4 processors, 4 cores] 4 131.51
1gb-seattle Xeon X3460 2.80 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 122.06
2gb-seattle Xeon X3460 2.80 [2 processors, 2 cores] 2 117.75
8gb-seattle Xeon E5520 2.27 [8 processors, 8 cores] 8 111.14





Terremark vCloud Express [Miami]
ID CPU Memory Encode
1gb Opteron 8389 2.91 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 138.13
2gb Opteron 8389 2.91 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 131.27
4gb-2vpu Opteron 8389 2.91 [1 processor, 2 cores] 4 128.26
8gb-4vpu Opteron 8389 2.91 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 105.19
16gb-8vpu Opteron 8389 2.91 [1 processor, 8 cores] 16 95.25





VPS.NET [Atlanta]
ID CPU Memory Encode
18node-atl Xeon E5520 2.27 [7 processors, 7 cores] 6.6 106.3
12node-atl Xeon E5520 2.27 [5 processors, 5 cores] 4.4 102.46
6node-atl Xeon E5520 2.27 [3 processors, 3 cores] 2.2 94.66
3node-atl Xeon E5520 2.27 [2 processors, 2 cores] 1.1 89.67





OpSource Cloud [VA, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
1gb Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 72.27
4gb-2cpu Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 2 cores] 4 70.06
2gb Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 68.77
16gb-4cpu Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 4 cores] 16 63.81
8gb-4cpu Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 62.54
32gb-4cpu Xeon X7460 2.66 [1 processor, 4 cores] 32 61.01





Speedyrails [Quebec]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [2 processors, 8 cores] 4 113.13
1gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [2 processors, 8 cores] 1 111.37
2gb Xeon E5520 2.27 [2 processors, 8 cores] 2 106.45





Zerigo [CO, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [2 processors, 4 cores] 4 110.53
2gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 2 109.61
1gb Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [1 processor, 4 cores] 1 108.97





ReliaCloud [MN, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb Xeon E5504 2.00 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 38.95
8gb 8 38.81
2gb Xeon E5504 4.40 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 35.2
1gb Xeon E5504 2.00 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 24.15





Gandi.net [France]
ID CPU Memory Encode
6gb Xeon L5640 2.27GHz 2.26 [1 processor, 6 cores] 6 125.01
4gb Opteron 8346 HE 1.79 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 72.22
1gb Opteron 8346 HE 1.79 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 70.61
2gb Opteron 8346 HE 1.79 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 67.37





CloudSigma [Switzerland]
ID CPU Memory Encode
8gb-8gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 111.01
16gb-16gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 8 cores] 16 110.75
4gb-4gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 2 cores] 4 110.19
32gb-20gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 8 cores] 32 109.59
1gb-2gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 95.24
2gb-2gh Six-Core Opteron 2427 2.21 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 91.15





IBM Development & Test Cloud [NY, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
dev-large Xeon X5570 2.93 [1 processor, 8 cores] 3.5 126.89
dev-med Xeon X5570 2.93 [1 processor, 4 cores] 1.75 98.55





BlueLock [IN, US]
ID CPU Memory Encode
8gb-4cpu Xeon X5550 2.67 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 142.31
4gb-2cpu Xeon X5550 2.67 [1 processor, 2 cores] 4 133.29
16gb-8cpu Xeon X5550 2.67 [1 processor, 8 cores] 16 130.11
2gb Xeon X5550 2.67 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 119.57
1gb Xeon X5550 2.67 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 113.3





Cloud Central [Australia]
ID CPU Memory Encode
huge Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [4 processors, 4 cores] 16 112.23
reg Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [4 processors, 4 cores] 4 112.1
large Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [4 processors, 4 cores] 8 111.82
med Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [4 processors, 4 cores] 2 103.44
small Opteron 2374 HE 2.20 [4 processors, 4 cores] 1 100.05





RimuHosting [Dallas]
ID CPU Memory Encode
tx-2gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 101.27





RimuHosting [Auckland]
ID CPU Memory Encode
nz-2gb Xeon E5506 2.13 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 105.98





ElasticHosts [Peer1 UK]
ID CPU Memory Encode
8gb-20gh Xeon E5420 2.50 [1 processor, 6 cores] 8 124.54
1gb-2gh Xeon E5420 2.50 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 118.62
4gb-8gh Xeon E5420 2.50 [1 processor, 4 cores] 4 118
2gb-4gh Xeon E5420 2.50 [1 processor, 2 cores] 2 113.55





Flexiscale [UK]
ID CPU Memory Encode
4gb Dual-Core Opteron 8220 2.80 [1 processor, 2 cores] 4 126.58
8gb Opteron 8218 2.62 [1 processor, 4 cores] 8 115.72
2gb Opteron 8218 2.60 [1 processor, 1 core] 2 109.76
1gb Opteron 8218 2.60 [1 processor, 1 core] 1 105.06